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Direct and Indirect Speech

The function of direct speech 

Direct speech is used to refer specifically to something someone has said. Typically, speech marks are used to indicate this. 


  • “It’s a lovely day today,” he said. 
  • “Yes,” she replied, “we haven’t had sun like this in weeks.”

The function of indirect speech

Indirect speech is used to report any speech that isn’t a direct quotation as in direct speech. This means it may not necessarily be verbatim. 


  • She said we’re meeting at 4 pm today. 
  • Frank said he won’t be able to make it today.


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